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PHYSIOLOGY DEPARTMENT

Overview

Message from the HEAD of the Department

Welcome to the Department of Physiology

 

The Physiology department is an intellectually vibrant place.

This Departmental page is designed to introduce visitors and students to our Department, its research, teaching, and administrative activities. It also serves as a major mechanism of communication between the Department and our students and administrative staff.

Physiology is the study of how the body works in health and disease at all levels including molecular, genomic, proteomic, ionic, cellular, organ and whole organism. The essence of research and teaching in Physiology requires an enquiring mind anchored on a global and integrative perspective to the understanding of how things work in a living organism.

Department was established in 2022 with annual intake capacity of 100 students and has infrastructure adequate to cater the need of 100 admissions per year.

The Department of Physiology at GMERS Medical College, Morbi is committed to excellence in teaching, research and service. Members of the faculty are actively involved in educational programs in the college. Members of the Department of Physiology, conduct research in the areas of cardiovascular, Pulmonary, Neurophysiology, and endocrine physiology. Members of the faculty of the Department of Physiology are involved in collaborative research with clinicians from the Departments of Medicine, Surgery, and Paediatrics in the College.

We are committed to help equip and infuse in our students a life-long love for learning, the excitement of discovery and a keen sense of curiosity about the chemical, physical and biological functions of life.

I welcome you to the Department and do not hesitate to see me over any issues. We operate an open door policy. Also all academic staff members have office hours during which they are available for consultation and discussion outside the formal teaching sessions.

I wish you a rewarding and stimulating learning experience at the Department of Medical Physiology and The GMERS Medical College,Morbi.

Head of the Department

 

Incumbency Chart of Professor  & Head, Department of Physiology

Sr. No

Name

From

To

1

Dr. Rajesh Mohan

30/07/2022

28/11/2022

2

Dr. Jasmin Parmar

29/11/2022

29/11/2023

 

 

Infrastructure & Facilities

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY INFRASRUCTURE

(i)

Demonstration Room :

 

Available (as per MCI norms)

 

A)

Number

 

1

 

b)

Accommodation

 (of each demonstration room)

 

Adequate

 

 

-

Size

1.    73 Sq.M

 

 

-

Capacity

50 students

 

c)

Audio-Visual

equipment

Available

Available

Overhead Projector Multimedia Projector Multimedia Computers, Public address System in Lecture Theatre,

 

(ii)

Practical Laboratories :

 

 

 

Haematology

Laboratory

Clinical

Physiology

Laboratory

 

a)

Accommodation

 

 

 

 

• Size

140 Sq. M

140 Sq. M

 

 

• Capacity

50

50

 

b)

Working

arrangement

 

 

 

 

- Seats available

50

50

 

 

- Water supply

Yes

Yes

 

 

- Sinks

Yes

Yes

 

 

- Electric points

Yes

Yes

 

 

-Cupboard for storage of microscope, slides etc.

Cupboard- 5

Iron rack 2

3

 

c)

Main equipment available

 

 

 

d)

Number of Microscopes

60

 

 

e)

No. of students to each Microscope

One Each

 

 

f)

Preparation room

 

 

 

 

Size

14 Sq. M

 

 

 

Location

In the laboratory

-

 

g)

Whether Laboratory Manuals kept by students

Yes

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

  h)

Close circuit

Overhead Projector

 

 

TV /demonstration

Multimedia Projector,

 

 

Microscope/ any

Multimedia Computers,

 

 

other teaching aids

Laptop, CD writers, DVD writers,

 

 

 

Camera Attachment for Microscope

to project slides on screen

 

 

 

Charts & Photographs

(III)

Departmental Library-cum-Seminar Room :

 

a)

Is there a separate departmental library?

NO

(iv)

Research Laboratory : NO

 

c)

Are there any students taken for M.D. or Ph. D In Physiology?

No

 

 

 

 

(v) OFFICE ACCOMODATION: available as per MCI norms

 

a)

Professor & H.O.D.

22 Sq. M

 

b)

Associate Professor /Readers

1 room

 

c)

Asst. Professors/Lecturers

1 room

 

d)

Tutors/Demonstrators

1 room

 

e)

Non-teaching and Clerical Staff

 1 room

 

 

  Department of Physiology (Main instruments available in Labs )

 

SR NO

NAME OF THE EQUIPMENT

NO.

1

Microscopes, oil immersion

58

2

Demonstration eye piece

3

3

Double demonstration eye piece

3

4

Stage incubator

0

5

Westergren's pipette for E.S.R. on stand(with space pipette)

20

6

Wintrobe’s pipette for ESR and PCV with stand

20

7

Hemoglobin-meter Sahli's or Hellige (with spaces)

60

8

Hemocytometer

59

9

Tuning fork time marker 100/sec

2

10

Electrodes

2

11

Spirit lamps

2

12

Marey's tambour

2

13

Perimeter Pristely Smith S/LP.984 B & T

0

14

Sphygmomanometer (digital) (Mercury based instruments to be replaced with suitable alternatives)

0

15

Stethoscopes

60

16

Stethoscopes, demonstration with multiple ear pieces

2

17

Polygraphs

1

18

Venous pressure apparatus

1

19

Spirometer, ordinary

0

20

Gas analysis apparatus, Halden's student type

00

21

Van Slyke's apparatus manometric

00

22

Sherrington Starling kymograph (electrically driven)

2

23

Gas analyser automatic for CO2, O2, N2

00

24

Low voltage unit for tapping 2 and 4 volts for stimulation

2

25

Electromagnetic time marker

2

26

Douglas bag, complete

1

27

Basal metabolism apparatus

0

28

Mosso'sErgograph

8

29

Clinical thermometer

35

30

Compass aesthesiometer

20

31

Thermo-aesthesiometer

20

32

Algometer

0

33

Apparatus for passive movement

0

34

Knee hammer

30

35

Stethograph

0

36

Bicycle Ergometer

1

37

Olfactometer

1

38

Ophthalmoscope

2

39

Schematic eye

1

40

Phakoscope

00

41

Perimeter with charts (Lister’s)

2

42

Color perception lantern Edridge green

1

43

Maddox rod

00

44

Newtons color wheel

1

45

Tuning fork to test hearing 32-10000 cps(sets-100, 256, 512 Hz)

30

46

Dynamometer

1

47

Otoscope

1

48

Stop watch

15

49

Multi-channel Physiograph, 3 channels, complete with accessories

2

50

Student physiograph, (single channel) with accessories

6

51

Centrifuge, high speed with technometer

0

52

Colorimeter, photoelectric

1

53

Myograph stand

0

54

pH meter electric

1

55

Electronic stimulator

1

56

Thermometers, balances, microslides and glassware

As required

57

Digital Physiograph

1

58

ECG Machine

00

 

No.

  Chemicals

 Quantity

1

Distilled water

10 lit

2

WBC Fluid ( Turk's fluid)

10 bottle

3

RBC Fluid (Hayem' fluid)

10 bottle

4

N/10 HCI

5 NOS

5

Lieshman's stain

10 NOS

6

Acetic Acid 2500 ML

2 NOS

7

Blood Group (anti-Sera)

20 NOS

8

Potassium Permangenet (KMnO4) 500 ML

1 NOS

9

Cedar Wooden Oil 100 ml

5 Bottle

 

No.

  CONSUMABLE

Quantity

1

Gloves – 6.5

2 box

2

Gloves – 7.0

2 Box

3

Cotton roll

10

4

Lancets

2 box

5

Match box

30

6

Droppers with long capillary tube

 

7

Plastic Dropping Bottle

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

No.

Glasswares

Quantity

1

Reagent bottle - 250 ML

10

2

Reagent bottle - 500 ML

10

3

Beaker -1000 ML

3

4

Beaker - 500 ML

3

5

Beaker – 250 ML

3

6

Coverslips

 

7

Blood Group Tiles

30

8

B.T. - C.T. tubes

1000

9

Slides

100

10

Watch glass

24

11

Test tubes

 

 

Charts in Physiology Department

No.

Name of Chart

DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

                                                                                                                   

1.

Swallowing

2

Gastric secretion & motility

3.

Liver & Gall Bladder

   

TRANSPORT SYSTEM

 

1.

Cardiac cycle 

2.

Electrocardiogram

3.

Blood coagulation

4.

Blood groups

 

 

RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

 

1.

Artificial respiration

2.

 Volume & Capacities of lungs

 

 

CELL MEMBRANE FUNCTION

 

1.

Transport through membrane Active transport

2.

Propagation of nerve impulse

 

 

EXCRETORY SYSTEM

 

1.

Juxtaglomerular apparatus

2.

Urine Formation

 

 

ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

 

1.

ADH in maintenance of blood volume

 

 

REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM

 

1.

Pitutary, ovarian & endometrial cycle

 

 

CENTRAL NERVOUS SYETEM

 

1.

Stretech reflex

2.

Cerebellum…part 1 & 2

3.

Skeletal muscle & mechanism of contraction

4.

Cochlea

5.

Spinothalamic sensory pathway

 

 

Models in Physiology Department

No

Name of Model

1

Vagus Nerve

2

Simple and interrelated reflex arch

3

Autonomic innervation of heart-model showing autonomic innervation of heart along with the properties of cardiac muscle

4

Mechanism of vomiting – model showing nervous mechanism involved in the vomiting reflex

5

Mechanism of defecation – model showing the innervation of distal parts of large intestine and course of transmission of nerve impulse in defecation

6

Cranial nerve – model showing all its main innervation and function by the sides

7

Pyramidal systems showing complete pathways of pyramidal tracts along with its significance

 

Charts prepared by Students

No

Topic 

 

1

Coagulation pathway

 

2

Transport mechanism

 

3

Classification of nerve fibers

 

4

Excitation-contraction coupling

 

Staff Information

Sr No

Name

Designation

 

1

 

Professor and Head

 

2

Dr. Kalpesh Vidja

Associate Professor

View

3

Dr. Hardika Upadhyay

Assistant Professor

View

4

Dr. Payal Jivani

Assistant Professor

View

5

Dr. Ravi Amrutiya

Junior Resident

View

6

Dr. Harshvardhan Sheth

Junior Resident

View

7

Dr. Dharmesh Jadav

Junior Resident

View

Subject Curriculum

 

CURRICULUM of 1st MBBS PHYSIOLOGY

 

GOAL : The broad goal of the teaching of undergraduate students in physiology aims at providing

the student comprehensive knowledge of normal functions of body and to facilitate the

understanding of physiological basis of health and disease.

 

OBJECTIVES :

A)       Knowledge :- At the end of the course the student shall be able to

1.       Understand the functions of all organ system and their interactions.

2.       Assess relative contribution of each organ system in maintenance of milieu interior

3.       Describe physiological response and adaptation to environmental stress.

4.       List the  physiological principles underlying pathogenesis and treatment of diseases.

 

B)      Skill:- At the end of the course the student shall be able to

1.       Conduct experiments / Investigations designed for study of physiological

          phenomenon

2.       To interpret expt / Investigations data

3.       Distinguish between normal and abnormal data derived as result of test done in lab.

 

C)      Integration :- At the end of the course the student shall be able to acquire an integrated knowledge of

organ, structure, function, and its Regulatory mechanism and apply the knowledge in

understanding of disease and its treatment.

Total working Hours: - 480 Hours (240 Hours/term)

 

THEORY

General  :

(1)

Cell physiology

(2)

Homeostasis

(3)

Transport across cell membrane

(4)

Biophysics-general principles

(5)

Body fluid compartment

(6)

Related topics & applied physiology

TOTAL : 5-8 lectures

Hematology :

(1)

Composition properties and functions of blood

(2)

R.B.C.s their formation & functions

(3)

Hemoglobin

(4)

Anemias and blood indices

(5)

Leukocytes - formation and functions

(6)

Thrombocytes and hemostasis, Blood Coagulation

(7)

Plasma proteins & E.S.R.

(8)

Lymph and R.E. System

(9)

Blood groups

(10)

Immunity

(11)

Blood Volume

(12)

Related topics & applied physiology

Total : 20-25 Lectures

Nerve & Muscle Physiology:

(1)

Membrane potential & action potential

(2)

Structure & classification of nerve fibers

(3)

Properties of nerve cells and their fibers (including Degeneration & Regeneration)

(4)

Neuromuscular transmission

(5)

Structure, functions and properties of muscles

(6)

Mechanism of contraction of difference types of muscles

(7)

Physiological changes during muscle contractions

(8)

Related topics & applied physiology

Total : 15-20 Lectures

Gastrointestinal tract :

(1)

Anatomical physiology

(2)

Secretion & their control-Salivary, Gastric, Pancreatic, Intestinal

(3)

Bile including liver function tests & Jaundice

(4)

Digestion

(5)

Absorption

(6)

Movements of Gastrointestinal tract

(7)

Hormones of GIT

(8)

Related topics & applied physiology

Total : 15-20 Lectures

 

Respiration System :

(1)

Physiological anatomy of respiratory tract

(2)

Mechanics of respiration (including pressure & volume changes)

(3)

Lung volume, capacities and lung function tests

(4)

Composition of respiratory gases

(5)

Transport of Oxygen in Blood

(6)

Transport of Carbon dioxide in Blood

(7)

Regulations of respiration

(8)

Hypoxia, Asphyxia

(9)

Cyanosis and periodic breathing

(10)

Dysbarism and acclimatization to high altitude

(11)

Exercise and space Physiology

(12)

Related topics & applied physiology

Total : 15-20 Lectures

 

Cardiovascular System :

(1)

Functional anatomy of heart

(2)

Origin and spread of cardiac impulse

(3)

Cardiac cycle (with heart sounds and pressure changes)

(4)

Electrocardiogram

(5)

Heart rate

(6)

Cardiac output & venous return

(7)

Arterial blood pressure

(8)

Arterial and venous pulse

(9)

Circulation –Capillary, coronary, pulmonary and sytemic circulation

(10)

Hemorrhage, Hypovolemic shock

(11)

Cardiovascular change during exercise and cardiac efficiency tests.

(12)

Related topics & applied physiology

Total : 20-25 Lectures

 

Excretory System :

(1)

Physiological anatomy of Kidney

(2)

Renal Circulation

(3)

Glomerular filtration rate

(4)

Functions of renal tubules

(5)

Reabsorpotion of physiologically important substances

(6)

Counter current mechanism

(7)

Hormogenesis- renin erythropoietin

(8)

Role of kidney in acid-base balance in body

(9)

Micturition

(10)

Renal function tests

(11)

Functions of skin

(12)

Regulations of body temperature

(13)

Related topics & applied physiology

 

Total : 10-15 Lectures

 

Central Nervous System& ANS :

(1)

Introduction

(2)

Synapse and synaptic transmission

(3)

Automatic nervous system (including Adrenal medulla)

(4)

Sensory system- receptor & their properties, sensations

(5)

Spinal Cord : Tracts and lesions

(6)

Reflexes

(7)

Motor organization

(8)

Brain stem (including vestibular apparatus)

(9)

Basal Ganglia

(10)

Cerebellum

(11)

Tone, posture and equilibrium

(12)

Motor control mechanism

(13)

Thalamus

(14)

Hypothalamus

(15)

Limbic cortex

(16)

Cerebral cortex

(17)

Higher functions-Speech, Learning and memory

(18)

Electroencephalogram and sleep

(19)

Cranial Nerves

(20)

Pain

(21)

CSF

(22)

Related topics & applied physiology

Total : 35-40 Lectures

 

 

Special Senses :

1.        

Structure of eye

2.        

Refractory medias of eye heir errors and corrections

3.        

Retina : Structure, photochemistry

4.        

Visual pathways and its lesions

5.        

Visual activity and binocular vision

6.        

Accommodation and adaptations to darkness

7.        

Color Vision

8.        

Visual perceptions : Central mechanism

9.        

Physiological movements of eye

10.    

Functional anatomy of ear

11.    

Structure and functions of middle ear

12.    

Organs of Corti and mechanism of hearing

13.    

Endocochlear potentials and auditory pathways

14.    

Deafness and tests of hearing

15.    

Taste and smell

Total : 15-20 Lectures

 

Endocrinology and Reproductive Physiology :

(1)

Introduction

(2)

Hypothalamohypophyseal axis

(3)

Anterior pituitary gland (including growth and development)

(4)

Posterior pituitary gland

(5)

Thyroid gland

(6)

Hormonal control of blood calcium level

(7)

Endocrine pancreas

(8)

Andrenal gland

(9)

Hormones of heart, kidney and thymus

(10)

Introduction to reproductive physiology

(11)

Male reproductive system : structure, functions

(12)

Female reproductive system : structure, functions & reproductive cycles

(13)

Fertilizations, placenta, pregnancy and pregnancy tests

(14)

Parturition and lactation

(15)

Physiological basis of family planning

(16)

Related topics & applied physiology

Total : 15-20 Lectures

 

 

 

Sr. NO

TOPIC

1

What does it mean to be doctor

2

What does it mean to be a patient

3

Doctor- patient relation

4

Foundation of communication -I

BIOPHYSICS :-

-          Principles of biophysics and its applied aspects                                                                   

-          Biopotentials and its applied aspects                                                                                          

-          Transport across cell membrane

-          Related Applied topics

Total: 3-4 Lectures

ENVIRONMENTAL, REGULATORY & EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY:-

-          Physiology of high altitude, acclimatization & effect of high atmospheric pressure     

-          Aviation & space physiology

-          Body temperature regulation, Hypo & Hyperthermia

-          Physiology of exercise & yoga

Total :3-4 Lectures

PRACTICALS

General Practicals:

 

1

Study of appliances - Experimental instruments

2

Study of appliances - Hematology and clinical instruments

3

Study of appliances - Compound microscope

 

Haematology Practicals:

 

1

Estimation of Haemoglobin

2

Total white cell count

3

Total red cell count

4

Cells in peripheral blood film

5

Differential WBC count

6

Absolute count, Arneth count

7

Packed cell volume & Erythrocyte sedimentation rate

8

Blood indices and related calculation

9

Blood grouping

10

Coagulation - B.T.& C.T.

11

Effect of tonicity of saline, fragility :

12

MCD, price jone’s curve  :

13

Haemin crystals, reticulocyte count

 

Clinical Physiology Practicals :

 

1

Radial pulse, Sphygmography

2

Arterial blood pressure

3

Cardiac efficiency tests

4

Clinical examination in general

5

Clinical examination of Cardiovascular system

6

Clinical examination of Respiratory system

7

Artificial respiration and Cardio pulmonary resuscitation

8

Spirometry

9

Respiratory efficiency tests

10

Stethography

11

Examinations of sensory functions

12

Examinations of motor functions

13

Examinations of reflexes

14

Examinations of cranial nerves – I,III,IV,V,VI

15

Examinations of cranial nerves – II

16

Examinations of cranial nerves – VII,VIII, IX.X.XI,XII

17

CNS higher functions

18

Clinical examinations of abdomen

19

Thermometry

20

Ergography

21

Endocrine disorder photographs

22

O2 and CO2 dissociation curve

23

ECG

24

EEG- EMG

25

Contraceptives, menstrual cycle and BBT

26

GTT- GFT

27

Excretory system –Cystometrogram, Renal function tests

1

Gastrocnemius muscle, sciatic nerve preparation

2

Simple muscle curve,

3

Effect of temperature on SMC

4

Effect of load on SMC

5

Effect of two successive stimuli

6

Genesis of tetanus

7

Phenomenon of Fatigue

8

Velocity of nerve impulse

9

Perfusion of amphibian heart

10

Frog’s heart beat & Effect of temperature on frog’s heart

11

Properties of cardiac muscle

12

Effect of vagus, crescent stimulation and vagal escape.

13

Effect of drugs & ions  on frog’s heart

14

Perfusion of isolated amphibian heart

15

Quantal summation & Strength duration curve

 

TUTORIALS

1. Haemoglobin

1

2. Blood groups

1

3. Neurons and Neuroglia

1

4. Rigor mortis & Myasthenia gravis

1

5. Lymph & R.E. System

1

6. Radial pulse Tracing

1

7. Bleeding Disorders

1

8. Isotonic & Isometric contraction

1

9. Hypoxia, O2 therapy & cyanosis

1

10. Deglutition and vomiting

1

11. Emptying of stomach & peristalsis

1

12. Movements of small & large intestine, Defecation

1

13. Skin – structure & function

1

14. Asphyxia, Hypercapnia

1

15. O2 & CO2 dissociation curve periodic breathing

1

16. Acidification of urine, role of kidney in Ph regulation

1

17. Adrenal Medulla

1

18. Cutaneous Circulation

1

19. E.E.G.

1

20. Speech and Aphasia

1

 

----------

 

20

 

SEMINAR TOPICS OF PHYSIOLOGY

NO.

SEMINAR TOPIC

1

FUNCTIONS OF BLOOD

2

PLATELETS AND ITS FUNCTION

3

ANAEMIA

4

POLYCYTHEMIA

5

ERYTHROPOIESIS

6

ANTICOAGULANTS

7

MECHANISM OF CLOTTING

8

IMMUNITY

9

LYMPH

10

SARCOMERE

11

MECHANISM OF SKELETAL MUSCLE CONTRACTION

12

PROPERTIES OF SKELETAL MUSCLE

13

NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION

14

CLASSIFICATION OF NERVES

15

RESTING MEMBRANE & ACTION POTANTIAL

16

MECHANISM OF CONTRACTION IN SMOOTH MUSCLE

17

EXCITATION-CONTRATION COUPLING OF SMOOTH,SKE,AND CARDIAC MUSCLE

18

CARDIAC CYCLE

19

HEART SOUND

20

B.P-SHORT TERM REGULATION

21

B.P-LONG TERM REGULATION

22

CARDIAC OUTPUT

23

VENOUS RETURN

24

PERIPHERAL RESISTANCE

25

PCV

26

ESR

27

CORONARY CURCULATION

 

 

SCHEME OF EXAMINATION

First periodic test (Theory)

First Internal test (Theory and Practical)

Second Periodic Test (Theory)

Second Internal Test (Preliminary Exams Theory & Practical)

Final University Exams

UNIVERSITY EXAMINATION

 

Paper- I

100

 

Paper - II

100

 

Practical &Viva /oral theory

100

 

 

Total :300 marks

 

 

No.

Type

Marks

Month

Theory

practical

1.

1st internal examination

100

100

March

2.

2nd internal examination

100

100

July

3.

Preliminary examination  

200

100

October

4.

University examination

200

100

November-december

 

 

 

 

                 PAPER WISE DISTRIBUTION OF TOPICS IN HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY

PAPER-I

  • Cell & general physiology
  • Blood Physiology
  • Respiratory system
  • Cardiovascular physiology
  • Excretory system including Skin & body temperature
  • Gastrointestinal system
  • Environmental Physiology and Exercise Physiology

PAPER - II

  • Nerve-muscle physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Reproductive system
  • Central Nervous system including Autonomic Nervous System
  • Special Senses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

Teaching Learning Methodology

No.

Teaching Learning Method

Inception

1

Student Seminar

2023

2

Students Viva

2023

3

Group Discussion

2023

4

Physiology Quiz Exposure : University Level & National Level

2023

5

System Ending MCQs Examination

2023

6

Charts Preparation

2023

7

Case Based Learning

2023

8

Student Feedback about Department Teaching  Learning environment (Confidential)

2023

9.

Assignments

2023

10.

Poster Competition

2023

11.

Physiology Quiz Competition at the end of Systems

2023

 

 

Teachers Theory Lecture Contribution :

Teacher

2022-23 batch

Dr. Jasmin Parmar

 CVS,CNS,

Dr. Kalpesh Vidja

Genaral physiology, RS, endocrine system

Dr. Hardika Upadhyay

Nerve muscle physiology, GIT, special senses

Dr. Payal Jivani

Blood, ANS, Reproductive system

Dr. Ravi Amrutiya

Dr. Harshvardhan Sheth

Dr. Dharmesh Jadav

 

   Haematology lab

Dr. Ravi Amrutiya

Dr. Harshvardhan Sheth

Dr. Dharmesh Jadav

 

  Clinical/ Amphibian lab

 

 

 

 Faculty

No Name Designation Contact
1   Professor  
2  DR.KALPESH VIDJA Associate Professor kalpeshvidja78@gmail.com 
3  DR.PAYAL JIVANI Assistant Professor dr.payalfefar@gmail.com 
4  DR. HARDIKA UPADHYAY Assistant Professor hardika3011@gmail.com 
5   Tutor  
6   Tutor  
7   Tutor  
8   Tutor